Plaster and plasterboards are sustainable building materials used for creating a healthy and comfortable built habitat. At home or at work, the construction solutions contribute to people well-being and protection, also by improving indoor air quality in the built environment.
An essential contribution to the thermal comfort
v Thanks to its industrial flexibility, plasterboards can also be associated to insulation materials to create the so-called laminated boards. These systems can be easily bonded on the internal wall of your home to provide thermal insulation and to contribute to the energy efficiency of the building.
v Plasterboard partitions and ceilings can receive in its cavity mineral wool to increase thermal comfort obtaining maximum performance in less space. Therefore, partitions, ceilings and linings become thermal insulated systems. The plasterboards protect the insulating material and contribute, together with the vapor barrier, in preventing indoor humidity from getting in, or being trapped in the insulation.
The best solutions to provide acoustic comfort
v Acoustic comfort is defined by two main concepts: sound insulation and sound absorption. Sound insulation is the property to reduce sound transmission between two rooms or between the room and the exterior. Sound absorption is related to the room itself and the nature of its materials: the most the material is absorbing, the less the room is reverberant. The feeling that a room is ‘noisy’ can be due either to a poor insulation or to a high reverberation level.
v Plasterboard systems are conceived to increase sound insulation: both partition sides are composed by plasterboards formulated to have the correct density to reduce sound waves transmission. Between these two sides an air cavity (with or without mineral wool)interrupts the sound wave. The association of these components provides a damping effect resulting on a insulation level much higher than a solid partition. This is why a typical plasterboard partition in a house is only 75mm thick. A comparable masonry wall would need to be around 110mm thick to achieve the same sound insulation. Therefore it is possible to cover a large range of sound insulation levels since ‘simple’ residential partitions up to systems used in conference rooms, movie theaters and industries.
v Regarding sound absorption, we can propose a range of perforated plasterboards, perforated ceiling tiles and plaster casted tiles which allows decreasing the sound reverberation in a room by absorbing the sound waves. The result is a better acoustic comfort within a room, meaning better speech intelligibility between the people present. These solutions are often used in meetings rooms, offices, schools or hotels. These boards are often used in ceilings and can enrich the interior design.
Plasterboard solutions can improve the indoor air quality
Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) is harmful for human health. The Industry produces plasterboards which are able to absorb and transform some types of VOC to harmless molecules.. Those plasterboards are an excellent option for all projects where a good air quality is required by the developers or designers. Their use is optimal in hospitals, schools and areas where children live.
The uncontested material to keep building fire safety
Gypsum rock has two molecules of water in its structure. These molecules are present also in all gypsum products despite of its shape. When fire attacks plasterboard, these molecules are released and retard fire spread. Based on this natural advantage, the gypsum industry has developed new boards with especial chemicals to increase even more fire performance. Therefore, it is possible to conceive boards and systems to resist several hours under fire conditions. Ideal for emergency exits and all areas receiving people such as auditoriums, these systems are as easy to be installed as standard ones and have tested and guaranteed performance against fire.
High levels of robustness against impacts
The Gypsum Industry provides plasterboards, gypsum fibreboards and plaster blocks with a degree of hardness equivalent to a thick wall heavy masonry construction used mainly in schools, offices and hospitals. These solutions can be combined with fire and water resistant performances.